The introduction of fully automated vehicles will catalyze changes in travel behavior and activity participation. Automated vehicles may affect the value of travel time, the amount of travel time, and the quantity and type of vehicle purchases. Additionally, automated vehicles may make travelers willing to commute and travel longer distances, increasing the accessibility of activities that are further away, and impact long term life decisions such as where to live and work, thereby impacting land-use, necessitating additional planning.
Traditional approaches that are currently being employed are limited, because they either focus on safety and human factors rather than travel behavior (driving simulators; controlled test beds), assume travel behavior implications (micro-simulators; network analysis), or ask about hypothetical scenarios that are too unfamiliar to the subjects (stated preference studies). New methods and creative techniques for behavioral experiments are necessary, for example creative applications of stated preferences, focus groups, simulators, analogous modes, gaming, and virtual reality.
This presentation will discuss the travel behavior implications of fully automated vehicles, the methods to model them, and some initial results and recommendations. The presentation is based on three workshops co-organized by the author on this topic, the 2015 International Association of Travel Behavior (IATBR) conference, and the 2016 and 2017 Automated Vehicle Symposium.
Yoram Shiftan is a Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the Technion, and the head of Technion Transportation Research Institute, currently an Israel Institute Visiting Faculty at Northwestern University. Professor Shiftan teaches and conducts research in travel behavior with a focus on activity-based modeling and response to policies, the complex relationships between transport, the environment and land use, transport economics and project evaluation. He is the editor of Transport Policy and was the chair of the International Association of Travel Behavior Research (IATBR). Professor Shiftan received his PhD from MIT and since then has published dozens of papers and co-edited four books: “Transportation Planning” in the series of Classics in Planning; Transition Towards Sustainable Mobility: The Role of Instruments, Individuals and Institutions; Sustainable Urban Transport; and Securing Transportation Systems.
This seminar is presented by the University of Toronto Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Student Chapter.
Traffic Management for the 21st Century
Traffic congestion on urban road and motorway networks has strong economic and social impacts.
A significant and growing interdisciplinary effort by the automotive industry, as well as by numerous research institutions, has been devoted in the last decades to planning, development, testing and deployment of a variety of Vehicle Automation and Communication Systems (VACS) that are expected to revolutionise the features and capabilities of individual vehicles within the next decades. If exploited appropriately, the emerging VACS may enable sensible novel traffic management actions aimed at mitigating traffic congestion and its detrimental implications.
The presentation starts with a brief introduction to the rationale and impact of traffic management, along with an overview of expected changes in the years and decades to come. Existing, planned and emerging VACS, which have an impact on the traffic flow characteristics, are discussed and classified; and potential implications for future traffic management are presented. Related research needs and specific tasks and challenges are identified and commented. Some results from the European Research Council project TRAMAN21 (Traffic Management for the 21st Century) referring to (microscopic and macroscopic) traffic flow modelling, traffic state estimation, system architecture, local and network-wide control tasks and approaches, are briefly outlined.
Markos Papageorgiou received the Diplom-Ingenieur and Doktor-Ingenieur (honors) degrees in Electrical Engineering from the Technical University of Munich, Germany, in 1976 and 1981, respectively. He was a Free Associate with Dorsch Consult, Munich (1982-1988), and with Institute National de Recherche sur les Transports et leur Sécurité (INRETS), Arcueil, France (1986-1988). From 1988 to 1994 he was a Professor of Automation at the Technical University of Munich. Since 1994 he has been a Professor at the Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece. He was a Visiting Professor at the Politecnico di Milano, Italy (1982), at the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris (1985-1987), and at MIT, Cambridge (1997, 2000); and a Visiting Scholar at the University of California, Berkeley (1993, 1997, 2001, 2011) and other universities.
Dr. Papageorgiou is author or editor of five books and of over 450 technical papers. His research interests include automatic control and optimisation theory and applications to traffic and transportation systems, water systems and further areas. He was the Editor-in-Chief of Transportation Research – Part C (2005-2012). He also served as an Associate Editor of IEEE Control Systems Society – Conference Editorial Board, of IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems and other journals. He is a Fellow of IEEE (1999) and a Fellow of IFAC (2013). He received a DAAD scholarship (1971-1976), the 1983 Eugen-Hartmann award from the Union of German Engineers (VDI), and a Fulbright Lecturing/Research Award (1997). He was a recipient of the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society Outstanding Research Award (2007) and of the IEEE Control Systems Society Transition to Practice Award (2010). He was presented the title of Visiting Professor by the University of Belgrade, Serbia (2010). The Dynamic Systems and Simulation Laboratory he has been heading since 1994, received the IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Society ITS Institutional Lead Award (2011). He was awarded an ERC Advanced Investigator Grant (2013-2018).
This public lecture is presented as part of the University of Toronto Department of Civil + Mineral Engineering 2017/2018 Distinguished Lecture Series.
This event is generously sponsored by the Canadian Automobile Association (CAA).